Jan Elliott, MSN, APRN, FNP-C -  - Family Medicine

Best Choice Primary Care

Jan Elliott, MSN, APRN, FNP-C

Family Medicine located in San Antonio, TX

With 1.5 million Americans diagnosed every year, it’s clear to see that diabetes is on the rise. At Best Choice Primary Care in San Antonio, caring nurse practitioner Jan Elliott, MSN, APRN, FNP-C, has extensive experience diagnosing and managing diabetes and lowering the risks of complications. The goal is always to help you feel more positive and in control of your condition, so you can better overcome the many challenges of diabetes. Book online or call Best Choice Primary Care for compassionate care and effective testing, treatments, and solutions.

Diabetes Q & A

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a complex chronic condition involving high blood sugar levels and problems with the insulin hormone.

Your body uses sugar (glucose) as a source of energy. When you eat sugar and foods that turn to sugar inside your body, your pancreas releases the insulin hormone to make sure your blood sugar levels stay in a safe zone. Your pancreas is an organ near your stomach that secretes insulin to help deliver excess blood sugar out of your bloodstream and into your cells, so it can be used for energy.

When your cells can’t respond properly to insulin or when your body can’t produce enough of it, your blood sugar levels rise. High blood sugar levels can develop into diabetes over time.

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

Symptoms of diabetes include:

  • Fatigue
  • Irritability
  • Frequent urination
  • Vision complications
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Excess hunger and thirst

Diabetics are more likely to get infections, such as gum, vaginal, or skin infections.

What are the different types of diabetes?

There are four main types of diabetes, and Type 2 is the most prevalent.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition where your immune system begins attacking your pancreatic cells that produce the insulin hormone necessary to keep your blood sugar levels in a safe range. Your immune system typically attacks and fights off harmful bacteria and viruses, but Type 1 diabetes involves a problem with the immune system.

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes occurs when your body doesn’t create enough insulin or doesn’t respond properly to insulin, leading to high blood sugar levels.


Prediabetes signals that your blood sugar levels are higher than average, but not high enough to be in the diabetes zone. Prediabetes can develop into Type 2 diabetes over time.

Gestational diabetes

Gestational diabetes refers to diabetes that women develop during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes usually goes away after childbirth.

What causes diabetes?

A number of factors might be involved in the development of diabetes, such as:

  • Aging
  • Obesity
  • Inactivity
  • Genetics
  • Hormones
  • Family history
  • Certain medical conditions, including high cholesterol and autoimmune disease

Diabetes can lead to complications, such as heart disease and nerve damage.

How is diabetes treated?

Best Choice Primary Care offers effective treatments to help manage your diabetes, such as:

  • Oral medications and insulin
  • Lifestyle changes, such as smoking cessation, nutrition, fitness plans and exercise, stress management, weight loss, and sleep quality
  • Vitamins and supplements
  • Blood sugar monitoring

For the diabetes support you need, call Best Choice Primary Care or schedule online today.